Indian Education System 1947 to 2021

Indian Education System 1947 to 2021

Education System and Polices before Independent India

Indian Education System 1947 to 2021, Ancient and Modern background of Education Policy : In the ancient India many schools were established to provide education. The school were known as the Gurukulas. At the time of Independence almost Gurukulas exists, but unfortunately at the right now there are only 34 Gurukulas are remaining in India. To aim of the achieve education was to Moksha. In India 2000 B.C. many religious Granthas and Verses are famous. So education system provides basic education to enhance livelihood. In the Buddhis era and Jain Era many books published. The source language of books were Sanskrit. Ancient education.

What Did the Ancient Indian Education System Look Like?

During the ancient period, two systems of education developed, Vedic, and Buddhist. The medium of language during the Vedic system was Sanskrit, while those in the Buddhist system were pali. During those times the education was of Vedas, Brahmanas, Upnishads, and Dharmasutras.

What is the Role of Ancient Education Role in Indian History ?

The historical backdrop of schooling started with instructing of customary components like Indian religions, Indian science, Indian rationale at early Hindu and Buddhist focuses of learning, for example, antiquated Takshashila (in current Pakistan) and Nalanda (in India) Before the coming of Christianity and Christian teachers .

ANCIENT EDUCATION PHOTOS | Ancient education system 'Gurukul'. Students  learnt under a tree from ... | Temple tree, Pagan gods, Ancient india

Students went to viharas and universities for higher knowledge. Teaching largely oral and students remembered and meditated upon what taught in the class. Gurukuls, also known as ashrams, were the residential places of learning. Many of these were named after the sages.

Famous Ancient Education Gurukulas Nalanda, Taxila and Vikramshila Role

Nalanda University : The ancient Nalanda University believed to be built during the Gupta period during Kumargupta ( Mahendraaditya), probably in the 5th century AD. It later supported by Buddist Emperors. 

Nalanda, the seat of knowledge, once lured scholars from abroad | Nalanda  University | Bihar | ancient university | scholars | destination

Taxila University flourished during 500 B C . Some historians date it as back as 600 B C. It flourished till 500 A D. It was in the kingdom of Gandhar which is in the present Pakistan. 68 subjects were studied in the university which included Vedas, grammar, Astronomy, Medicine, Mathematics, Political science, archery, warfare, music, commerce etc.

Takshashila - Worlds oldest University | Mystery of India

Vikramasila: Vikramasila University established by Dharma Pala ( 783-920) because of the decline in scholarship of Nalanda University. It is a Buddhist tantric centre of learning situated in the north east of Bhagalpur.

ASI to revamp Vikramshila - Telegraph India

Modern Education System in India and English Education System Effect

The modern school system brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay in the 1830s. The curriculum confined to “modern” subjects such as science and mathematics, and subjects like metaphysics and philosophy considered unnecessary.

The Uttar Pradesh (a state in India) Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board in Quite a while in the year 1921 with purview over Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In 1929, the Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana, set up. Afterward, sheets set up in a portion of the states. Be that as it may, at last, in 1952, the constitution of the board changed and it renamed Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

The Infamous Macaulay Speech That Never Was

Source : The Wire

All schools in Delhi and some different locales went under the Board. It was the capacity of the Board to settle on things like educational plan, course readings and assessment framework for all schools subsidiary to it. Today there are a large number of schools associate to the Board, both inside India and in numerous different nations from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

New Education Policy 2020 India, Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages of New Education Policy 2020

  • The Government aims to make schooling available to everyone with the help of NEP 2020.
  • Approximately two crore school students will be able to come back to educational institutes through this new approach.
  • According to the national education policy 2020, 5+3+3+4 structure will replace the existing 10+2 structure. This structure focused on student’s formative years of learning. This 5+3+3+4 structure corresponds to ages from 3 to 8, 8 to 11, 11 to 14 and 14 to 18. 12 years of schooling, 3 years if Anganwadi and pre-schooling included in this structure.
  • For children up to the age of 8, a National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education will designed and developed by NCERT.
  • Narendar Modi implements NEP after the Second innings of his Govt.
Advantages and Disadvantages of New Education Policy 2020 [2021]

Drawbacks of the New Education Policy

  • In the National Education Policy 2020, language is a negative factor as there is a problematic teacher to student ratio in India, thus introducing mother languages for each subject in academic institutes is a problem. Sometimes, finding a competent teacher becomes a problem and now another challenge comes with the introduction of the NEP 2020, that is bringing study material in mother languages.
  • According to the national education policy 2020, students willing to complete their graduation have to study for four years while one can easily complete his/ her diploma degree in two years. This might encourage the pupil to leave the course midway.
Educating girls is my priority: PM Narendra Modi

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